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История

Краткая историческая справка. Название Кошки имеет турко-язычную основу («кош» значит «стоянка», «шалаш», «пастушеский стан»). Считается, что здесь была ставка восточного хана. Село Кошки было основано в 1737 г. историком и общественным деятелем В.Н. Татищевым, служившим в то время начальником Оренбургской экспедиции.

Кошкинский район

В древности территория района являлась одним из центров формирования и развития восточной группы индоевропейской языковой семьи — предков славян, байтов, германцев, иранцев и индусов. Затем (с VIII в.) район входил в состав 5 различных государств — Хазарского каганата, Волжской Болгарии, Золотой Орды, Казанского ханства и России. В 1391 г. на реке Кондурче, разделяющей район на 2 части, состоялось одно из крупнейших сражений эпохи средневековья — битва между войсками эмира Тимура и хана Тохтамыша. Военные действия на территории района велись также в 1773-1774 гг. (восстание Е.И. Пугачева) и в 1918-1919 гг. (Гражданская война).


Кошкинский район - переселенческий. Первые селения появляются здесь во второй половине XII в. (Старая Кармала, Титовка). В XVIII—XIX вв. на свободных землях расселяются крещеные калмыки, переселенцы из Центральной России (Рязань, Тула, Владимир, Нижний Новгород, Пенза) — русские, мордовские, чувашские крестьяне, татары из Рязанской губернии, эстонцы из Прибалтики, немцы из Германии (Силезия и Рейнская Пруссия), поляки из Мазовии, украинцы из Киевской и Полтавской губерний. Складывается своеобразная система хозяйства, сочетающая в себе общинные и хуторские черты.

Дата изменения: 02.04.2014 15:05

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